Actions To Be Taken:
Veterinary practitioners are encouraged to:
Use and prescribe narrow-spectrum antimicrobials rather than broad-spectrum ones.
Ensure that fluoroquinolones, 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins, macrolides and lincosamides are used only according to the conditions set out in the Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) and not as a first-line therapy.
Prescribe all antimicrobials responsibly and only following a careful diagnosis. Quantities prescribed should be limited to immediate needs; the use of antimicrobials for the purposes of prevention of infection is generally not conducive to minimise resistance development. The IMB is particularly concerned to limit the in-feed and in-water use of antimicrobials for mass medication of animals.
Provide farmers with advice on non-antimicrobial interventions that can be used for disease control e.g. the use of vaccines, husbandry measures, biosecurity etc.
Show leadership in the usage of antibacterials and in educating farmers as to the issues involved.
Report any cases of resistance or lack of efficacy to the IMB.
Farmers are encouraged to:
Stay informed about this topic and be prepared to change existing practices and preferences.
Consider the potential impact of inappropriate antimicrobial use on animal health, public health and the reputation of food exports from Ireland.
Explore with their veterinary practitioners strategies to control infections that minimise the need of antimicrobials.
Ensure that prescriptions for antimicrobials are dispensed only by authorised persons.
Store, use and dispose of antimicrobials according to the directions given. Do not purchase more than your immediate needs.
Keep records of use of all medicines and ensure that they are available to Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine inspectors.
Further information is available from:
European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC)